Instructions on how to choose hosting

Instructions on how to choose hosting
Instructions on how to choose hosting

Instructions on how to choose hosting

The modern world dictates its own conditions. And it is already difficult to imagine a company that does not have its own website. What is there, quite often a business card site, an online store, or a personal page on the Internet, belongs to an ordinary person, and not to a solid corporation. Your own Internet project is a way to expand your business and increase your income through the dissemination of information.

So, it's decided! We make our own website, and post it... on hosting? What types of web hosting are there? How do they differ? What kind of hosting will be beneficial in a particular case, because the prices for the provision of services are completely different. Let's figure it out together to make an informed decision.

What is hosting and why is it needed?

To answer this question, we need to understand what a website is (i.e., in fact, the purpose of our "body movements"). A website is a collection of related data, a systematized array of electronic documents available on the World Wide Web to any user. As it becomes clear, without a permanent and reliable Internet connection, access to your website is impossible. Agree, it would be strange if the Internet resource was available only during working hours (for example).

Of course, you can organize your own home server based on a personal computer. But as practice shows, this method is expensive and extremely unreliable. See for yourself. An ordinary computer often does not have enough power to meet the needs of a web server - this is one time. The state of the power grids in our country, and the attitude of providers to the quality of the connection, does not allow us to guarantee the constant operation of the web server "at home". And to buy an electric generator (in case of a power outage in your house / neighborhood), and connect to several providers at once (so that at least one provides communication) ... um... somewhat wasteful. Isn't that right? We will tactfully keep silent about the rather specific knowledge that you must have in order to maintain a home web server.

Hosting an Internet resource guarantees you its constant and stable operation, and the absence of a "headache" that is associated with the maintenance of your Internet project.

Types of web hosting. To date, there are the following main types of hosting services that are particularly popular.

These are: Shared hosting; VPS or VDS (which is essentially the same thing, but for some reason these concepts are shared in Runet); Dedicated server.

There are also less common types of hosting, which we will talk about at the very end of the article.

Virtual hosting or shared hosting. If you try to describe the structure of virtual hosting in a few words, you will get the following: one web server on which several dozen (and possibly hundreds) "huddle" accounts. They all have the same IP address and use the same resources. A kind of "dorm", where if someone has occupied a stove, toilet or shower, then the second one no longer has access to the necessary resource.

The analogy with the "hostel" becomes even more vivid when you consider that the cost of virtual server services is the lowest. Virtual "housing" is suitable for Internet resources with a small budget, low attendance, and low requirements for server capabilities (RAM, traffic and CPU time).

When choosing among the companies providing virtual hosting services, be extremely careful. By offering you a "low tariff", companies are slightly deceiving you by listing wide opportunities. They are forced to embellish reality, because due to the large number of such companies on the market, there is a fierce competition for each user. Be sure to find information about the company where you are going to rent a virtual hosting on the network. Read, ask around about page loading speed, frequency of failures, quality of technical support, performance, etc. Beware of "newcomers" who have just opened their own company to rent virtual servers. They can recruit customers, and disappear into the vastness of the network, without returning the money, and without providing services.

When you decide on a hosting company, you should think about the list of services you need included in the tariff plan. If you have never been involved in websites before, and have little idea how many resources you will need, start with the simplest tariff plan. You will always have time to switch to a different tariff.

If you already have a certain idea, we recommend that you pay attention to the following parameters of the tariff plan: the amount of information available for placement on the server (or disk space) traffic limit; DB (database) parameters; the possible number of domain names hosted within one account; the possible number of subdomains and mirrors/clones of the main domain; the permissibility of acquiring a personal IP address;
the possible number of accounts for working with FTP; the number of e-mail boxes that can be created within one account.

The parameters listed above and their characteristics are fundamental when choosing a virtual hosting tariff. It would not be superfluous to ask the hosting company about the period during which they provide hosting in test mode. Most large hosting providers give you the opportunity to host a website on their site for free, for some insignificant period of time. Sometimes for a couple of days, sometimes for a week. And very rarely for a month. The test mode will help you determine the quality of the services provided.

Talking about virtual hosting, it would not be right to forget about the control panel (which gives you the ability to manage your sites using a graphical interface)

Most virtual hosting offers to manage the site using the simplest cPanel.

Advantages of virtual hosting: low rates; easy management of your Internet resource; comprehensive assistance of the hosting provider's technical support.

Weaknesses of virtual hosting: certain limits of administrative rights; software configuration is not determined by you; forced sharing of server resources with other users, in turn, using this server.

A virtual dedicated server, also called VDS (virtual dedicated server) or VPS (virtual private server), is a physically existing server divided into a certain number of virtual servers that emulate the operation of a separate physical server. Continuing the analogy with real estate, here we can talk about a multi-storey building with several dozen separate apartments. Each apartment has its own facilities (kitchen, shower, rooms), and there are no common areas.

What does this mean in terms of hosting? This means that when you use VPS/VDS hosting, your personal space is separated from other subscribers; it runs on its own operating system; certain resources are allocated to each VPS server that other users do not have access to; each VPS server can be restarted without affecting the operation of other servers.

Yes, there is one physically existing server, but virtual dedicated servers work completely independently from each other.

VPS/VDS server services are a convenient intermediate option between virtual hosting services and a dedicated server (we'll talk about it later). VPS/VDS servers have more advantages than disadvantages. And if your Internet resource is actively developing, but the capacity required for it is not yet so great as to purchase a dedicated server, then we recommend choosing a virtual dedicated server. The reasons are simple and unpretentious. Let's consider them in comparison with virtual hosting and a dedicated server.

Compared to virtual hosting: the cost of the service is higher, but no one encroaches on your resources, you decide which ones to distribute. You determine the configuration of the software yourself.

You own all administrator rights (including the main administrator account - root access). And accordingly, you can perform any actions yourself, without resorting to the help of technical support.
You need to have certain administrative skills (on a virtual hosting, you may not even think about them).

Compared to a dedicated server: the cost of the service is lower, as well as the power provided to you. Basic administration skills are enough to manage the resource, which is not the case if you host your Internet resource on a dedicated server.

How to choose a virtual dedicated server

If you have decided that you need a VPS server, then this most likely means that you represent the amount of capacity necessary for the life of your Internet resource. Based on the specific situation, you can choose for yourself a number of hosting providers that provide certain capacities, and then consider the free "buns" provided by them. For example, the West German company SIM-Networks , which has a representative office in Ukraine offers free of charge: dedicated IPv6 + 1 IPv4, control panel (including DNS), unlimited traffic, backup space, root access (SSH, VNC).

We also recommend that you pay attention to the possibility of full or partial administration of your website, as an additional service. Not every hosting provider provides such additional services. And if you do not yet know how to administer, and have not acquired a specialist capable of doing this, we recommend that you choose a provider that provides additional services in the form of c administration.